1. 首页
  2. 试卷考题

2014年4月全国高等教育自学考试试题:综合英语(二)

自考网发布2014年4月全国高等教育自学考试试题:综合英语(二),更多2014年4月全国高等教育自学考试试题相关信息请访问读好书网自考频道。

★读好书网频道为大家整理的2014年4月全国高等教育自学考试试题:综合英语(二),供大家阅读参考。全国2014年4月高等教育自学考试综合英语(二)试题

  课程代码:00795

  请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。

  选择题部分

  注意事项:

  1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。

  2. 每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

  I. GRAMMARAND VOCABULARY

  Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer. Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)

  1. Mr. Johnson ______ rather not invest that money in the stock market.

  A. should B. could

  C. would D. must

  2. Americans eat ______ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.

  A. more than twice many B. as twice as many

  C. as many as twice D. twice as many

  3. In 1900, the energy derived from burning petroleum was only four percent ______ of coal.

  A. that B. this

  C. what D. which

  4. Many patients insist on having watches with them in hospital, ______ they have no schedules to keep.

  A. since B. even though

  C. so D. as if

  5. In summer, she would sit in the garden enjoying the fresh air and the smell of the things she ______.

  A. was planting B. had planted

  C. has planted D. would plant

  6. There ______ nothing more for discussion, the meeting ended earlier than expected.

  A. to be B. to have been

  C. being D. be

  7. ______ we can hope for is to avoid complete failure in the coming game with that strong team.

  A. For the best B. With the best

  C. At best D. The best

  8. While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest they ______ by wild animals.

  A. should be attacked B. must be attacked

  C. could be attacked D. would be attacked

  9. Her talent and experience ______ her to the respect of her colleagues.

  A. authorized B. qualified

  C. deserved D. entitled

  10. Those who change mobile phones too frequently will have to pay for being ______.

  A. graceful B. fashionable

  C. popular D. perfect

  11. We hoped to be able to move into our new house at the end of the month, but things didn’t ______ as we expected.

  A. work out B. move out

  C. get out D. carry out

  12. On arriving home, the boy told his parents about all the ______ which occurred in his dormitory.

  A. occasions B. affairs

  C. incidents D. issues

  13. He complained to the bookseller that there were several pages ______ in the book.

  A. losing B. missing

  C. dropping D. lacking

  14. Jeans are so hot these days that big name stars appear on TV advertising for their ______ brands.

  A. favorite B. unique

  C. permanent D. intimate

  15. In order to buy a new car, you should at least ______ one hundred dollars a week.

  A. put out B. put forward

  C. put up D. put aside

  II. CLOZE

  Fill in each of the 15 blanks in the passage with the most likely answer. Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)

  Without transportation, there could be no trade. Without trade, there could be no towns and cities. Towns and cities are traditionally the 16 of civilization. Therefore, transportation helps make civilization 17 .

  Throughout most of the prehistoric period, people lived by hunting, fishing, and 18 wild plants. They had no beasts of burden, wheeled vehicles, or roads. People traveled 19 and carried their infants and belongings strapped to their backs or heads. Loads too heavy for one person to carry were strapped to a pole and carried by two people.

  20 , people learned that they could drag loads along the ground on sledges. During late prehistoric times, people began to build sledges with runners.

  When people developed agriculture and began to establish 21 settlements, trade between settlements started to develop, which created a need for better 22 of transportation. The donkey and the ox, which had been tamed for food products and farm work, helped 23 this need. The use of donkeys and oxen as beasts of burden enabled people to 24 heavier loads than they could before. People also began to develop water transportation during prehistoric times. They built rafts of such 25 as logs or reeds. Later, people learned 26 to make dugouts and canoes. People paddled these early craft with their hands or propelled them with paddles or 27 .

  The wheel was invented about 3500 B.C. and sailboat about 3200 B.C. Wheeled vehicles and sailing vessels 28 transportation. But the speed of transportation improved only 29 over the centuries.

  Inventors produced the first engine- 30 vehicles during the late 1700’s and the early 1800’s. This development marked the beginning of a revolution in transportation that has continued to the present.

  16. A. highlights B. pinpoints C. headquarters D. centers

  17. A. possible B. acceptable C. practical D. typical

  18. A. growing B. gathering C. watering D. moving

  19. A. in turn B. at ease C. on foot D. for fun

  20. A. All the while B. For a while C. In time D. On time

  21. A. temporary B. permanent C. regular D. steady

  22 A. knowledge B. judgment C. standards D. means

  23. A. recognize B. develop C. meet D. reduce

  24. A. bear B. move C. share D. lift

  25. A. materials B. styles C. items D. types

  26. A. where B. when C. how D. as

  27. A. poles B. sails C. currents D. winds

  28. A. demonstrated B. revolutionized C. witnessed D. initiated

  29. A. considerably B. continuously C. swiftly D. slightly

  30. A. powered B. controlled C. oriented D. related

  III. PARAPHRASING

  Choose the closest paraphrased version after each of the following sentences or the italicized part. Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)

  31. This is a deflation of our pretensions, to be sure, but it is also the opening up to our view of a vast and awesome universe.

  A. This makes us feel flattered, ...

  B. This makes us feel less arrogant, ...

  C. This is a lack of trust in our honesty, ...

  D. This is a lack of respect for our dignity, ...

  32. When you stay in a new environment for a while, you move to stage two—the crisis stage—in which the shine wears off and day-to-day realities sink in.

  A. ...your interest begins to disappear and you find life dull.

  B. ...the brilliant light goes off and you have nothing to hope for in life.

  C. ...the bright color fades and life changes too quickly for you to adapt to.

  D. ...your excitement dies out and you have to face unpleasant aspects of life.

  33. The old woman did not want to become a burden, and so bore her burden.

  A. The old woman took the responsibility to support herself, for she hated to bother and depend on others.

  B. Being tired of being a burden on others, the old woman started to take care of herself.

  C. Instead of becoming a burden on others, the old woman had to take care of others.

  D. Despite her will not to bother others, the old woman became their burden.

  34. How do you go about making a boy into a zero?

  A. How can you make a boy interested in nothing?

  B. What do you do if a boy gets a zero in his exam?

  C. How is it possible to turn a boy into a total failure?

  D. What does it mean to a boy if he is nobody in school?

  35. Now, I didn’t have to say that ... if you ask me, it showed a lot of humility on my part to say a thing like that when, after all, I have got a career of my own to consider...

  A. ...I said that at the cost of my own reputation...

  B. ...I wouldn’t have said that if I had thought for myself...

  C. ...only a modest person like me could say something like that...

  D. ...as a person with self-respect, I wouldn’t say that kind of thing...

  36. “It’s not so much what my husband says,” a tearful wife confides, “as the way he says it. Why does he have to yell at me?”

  A. The way he says it is as important as what he says.

  B. What he says matters more than the way he says it. C. It is the way he says it rather than what he says that hurts me.

  D. It is what he says rather than the way he says it that hurts me.

  37. But try to break it [the difficult situation the family had to face] gently to laura.

  A. But try to treat Laura politely.

  B. But try to free Laura from it carefully.

  C. But try to tell Laura this in a tender way.

  D. But try to leave Laura without hurting her.

  38. Flunk one more course, and I’m out.

  A. I cannot put up with another course any more.

  B. If I fail another course, I’ll have to leave the university.

  C. One more university course is what I need for graduation.

  D. I am no longer a university student due to the failure in a course.

  39. I bowed to superior [my mother] will and entered journalism with a heavy heart.

  A. I accepted the job though I hated it deep down in my heart.

  B. I got ready to devote myself to journalism as my mother expected.

  C. I respected my mother’s decision and took up journalism seriously.

  D. I had to obey my mother and began my journalistic career unwillingly.

  40. People in those difficult places do not forget the law of hospitality to the stranger—for their God may decree that they too shall become strangers on the face of the earth.

  A. ...because they believe that one day fate might take them to some foreign land.

  B. ...because they hope that their kindness might help them make friends all over the word.

  C. ...because they are afraid that an unfriendly host might be an unwelcome visitor someday.

  D. ...because they are sure their friendliness could bring them the chance to travel around the world.

  IV. READING COMPREHENSION

  Read the two passages and choose the most likely answer to each of the questions. Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (2 points each, 20 points in all)

  Passage One

  If you are searching for a job, you have perhaps read lots of local newspapers with job vacancies, and certainly even visited an employment agency or firm to help you get the job of your dreams. Job hunting is not an easy task and one needs to be informed on how to find numerous advertisements of vacancies that suit your professional needs. There are a number of useful tips on how to write unique and good curriculum vitae (CV)(简历) documents that all job seekers should like. All this information can be obtained at no cost from most job sites.

  Today most recruitment companies advertise their vacancies on the job websites and this provides a free and accessible way to find thousands of jobs and one can feasibly apply for jobs within a very short time. Most recruitment portals (门户网站) allow you to keep your CV with them and send it automatically to the human resources for consideration any time you apply for a job.

  This service also allows you to up-date your CV at any time and companies looking for employees will also be able to view your employment and qualification details and send you an application invitation without the need of your having to look for them. If you are looking for a job, you can start with the most popular and trusted sites that will give you a wide range of choices to select from.

  E-mail alerts can save you a lot of energy and time but one needs to specify the type of notifications she/he needs to receive depending on one’s career goals. You should also need to be keen on the deadline because most sites do not remove the list of jobs, whose deadline has already passed. In case the deadline is not indicated you can e-mail or call the employer to check the details.

  Before applying for a job it is advisable to read the terms and conditions of recruitment well to see whether you qualify for the position because it is pointless to apply for a post of which you do not meet the requirements. You need to expand your job search by browsing related categories or you can look for a job using alternative job titles in other areas, for instance, outside your locality, since an opportunity can present itself at the least expected place.  Business sites are also becoming very popular and help many job seekers to create and develop relationships that will help them find a job. There are numerous job sites available but one needs to be very careful. There are people who use these sites to cheat innocent employment seekers. These sites also offer useful information and tips on how to find a job, write a CV, apply for a vacancy as well as tips on interviews. Some sites provide you with career coaches to give you all the information you need on jobs and can also help you find the right job that is in line with your career or profession.

  41. What kind of service do most recruitment portals offer?

  A. They keep job seekers’ CVs.

  B. They publish job seekers’ CVs.

  C. They up-date CVs for job seekers.

  D. They prepare CVs for job seekers.

  42.Which of the following can best explain the word “feasibly” in Paragraph 2?

  A. Directly. B. Effortlessly.

  C. Possibly. D. Immediately.

  43. Which of the following can help you avoid wasting time on a job which does not exist?

  A. To ask for details. B. To check the deadline.

  C. To inquire about payments. D. To confirm the location.

  44. What is the author’s advice about getting a job?

  A. You need to be informed about alternative job positions.

  B. You need to focus on certain categories to avoid wasting time.

  C. You should study the terms and conditions to avoid being cheated.

  D. You should be clear about the requirements and your qualifications.

  45. What might be the author’s purpose of writing this passage?

  A. To tell people how to find job vacancies.

  B. To explain how hard it is to find a job now.

  C. To recommend the most popular and trusted sites.

  D. To share some personal experience with job seekers.

  Passage Two

  I’ve often felt that “step-parent” is a label we attach to men and women who marry into families where children already exist, for the simple reason that we need to call them something. It is most certainly an enormous “step”, but one doesn’t often feel as if the term “parent” truly applies. At least that’s how I used to feel about being a step-mother to my husband’s four children.

  My husband and I had been together for six years, and with him I had watched as his young children become young teenagers. Although they lived primarily with their mother, they spent a lot of time with us as well. Over the years, we all learned to adjust, to become more comfortable with each other, and to adapt to our new family arrangements. We enjoyed vacations together, ate family meals, worked on homework, played baseball, rented videos. However, I continued to feel somewhat like an outsider, invading foreign territory. There was a definite boundary line that could not be crossed, an inner family circle which excluded me. Since I had no children of my own, my experience of parenting was limited to my husband’s four, and often I felt sad that I would never know the special bond that exists between a parent and a child.

  When the children moved to a town five hours away, my husband was understandably depressed. In order to maintain regular communication with the kids, we contacted Cyberspace and promptly set up an e-mail and chat-line service. This technology, combined with the telephone, would enable us to reach them on a daily basis by sending frequent notes and messages, and even chatting together when we were all online.

  Ironically, these modern tools of communication can also be tools of alienation (疏远), making us feel so out of touch, so much more in need of real human contact. If a computer message came addressed to “Dad”, I’d feel forgotten and neglected. If my name appeared along with his, it would brighten my day and make me feel like I was part of their family unit after all. Yet always there was some distance to be crossed, not just over the telephone wires.

  Late one evening, as my husband dozed off in front of the television and I was catching up on my e-mail, an “instant message” appeared on the screen. It was Margo, my oldest step-daughter, also up late and sitting in front of her computer five hours away. As we had done in the past, we sent several messages back and forth, exchanging the latest news. When we would “chat” like that, she wouldn’t necessarily know if it was me or her dad on the other end of the keyboard—that is unless she asked. That night she didn’t ask and I didn’t identify myself either. After hearing the latest volleyball scores, the details about an upcoming dance at her school, and a history project she was working on, I commented that it was late and I should get to sleep. Her return message read, “Okay, talk to you later! Love you!”  As I read this message, a wave of sadness ran through me and I realized that she must have thought she was writing to her father the whole time. She and I would never have openly exchanged such words of affection. Feeling guilty for not clarifying, yet not wanting to embarrass her, I simply responded, “Love you too! Have a good sleep!”

  I thought again of their family circle, that self-contained, private space where I was an intruder. I felt again the sharp ache of emptiness and otherness. Then, just as my fingers reached for the keys, just as I was about to return the screen to black, Margo’s final message appeared. It read, “Tell Dad good night for me too.” With tear-filled, blurry eyes, I turned the machine off.

  46. Why did the author feel like an outsider in the family?

  A. The four children were unwilling to spend time with her.

  B. She couldn’t form the special tie with the children.

  C. She didn’t have much experience in parenting.

  D. The four children were not friendly to her.

  47. What is “Cyberspace” mentioned in Paragraph 3?

  A. It’s a program. B. It’s a company.

  C. It’s a school. D. It’s a place.

  48. Why did the author feel guilty at the sight of Margo’s words of affection?

  A. She had unintentionally made Margo uncomfortable.

  B. She had never communicated with Margo in such way.

  C. She pretended to be Margo’s father when chatting with her.

  D. She did not explain that it was she who was writing to Margo.

  49. What did Margo’s last message indicate to the author?

  A. The relationship Margo had with her was far from intimate.

  B. The mistrust Margo had in her was greater than she had expected.

  C. The boundary line would always exist, even with an email service.

  D. The sensitivity and ache she felt about otherness was not necessary.

  50. What can we learn from the passage?

  A. A step-mother can never truly enter the kids’ world and become their friend.

  B. The gap between a step-mother and her step-children can never be bridged.

  C. An intimacy can be established between a step-mother and her step-children.

  D. A step-mother should go out of her way to adjust to needs of her step-children.

  非选择题部分

  注意事项:

  用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

  V. WORD DERIVATION

  Complete each of the following sentences with a (compound) word derived from the one(s) given in brackets. Write your word on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)

  51. The door is shut so that no one may ______ what is said. (hear, over)

  52. The sales ______ looked me up and down and told me not to try the dress on because she didn’t think I would get into it. (assist)

  53. After dogs, the horse has the closest ______ with man. (relation)

  54. One important ______ of the Coast Guard is to make sure that all ships dutifully follow traffic rules in busy harbors. (responsible)

  55. It is obvious that if you are ______ and friendly to people you will get a lot more back. (consider)

  56. You may think my reaction is crazy or ______, but you cannot deny what I’m feeling. (logical) .

  57. Tattooing, the practice of making permanent designs on the body, is one of the oldest forms of ______ expression. (create)

  58. This new policy will ______ the process of obtaining a passport. (simple)

  59. The ship rocked from side to side, which caused ______ among many passengers. (seasick)

  60. A(n) ______ wind blew hard across the open spaces. (ice)

  VI. SENTENCE TRANSLATION

  Translate the following sentences into English and write your sentences on the answer sheet. (3 points each, 15 points in all)

  61.有些父母给孩子买过多的玩具来弥补不能和孩子待在一起的时间。

  62.我们应该不断调整自己,来适应变化的世界。

  63.与家人对他的期望相反,那个年轻人毕业后去了西部偏远地区。

  64.如果你集中精力,就可以按时完成这个项目。

  65.有了专业知识和一般的技能,我们将对任何挑战都会有所准备。  VII. WRITING

  66. Write a composition on the answer sheet in about 150 words, basing yourself on one of the texts you have learned. (15 points)

  IC: What Kind of Person was the Lighthouse Keeper in the Story “The Listene

本文来自投稿,不代表本人立场,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.dnsbz.com/shijuan/86572.html